Wyoming, West Nebraska, and SW South Dakota Hay Report
TO_GR310
Torrington, WY    Thu Mar 14, 2019   USDA-WY Dept of Ag Market News

Wyoming Hay Summary - Week ending March 15, 2019

   Compared to last week all reported hay sold fully steady.  Demand was 
good with majority of the square bales going to out of state buyers. Most 
round bales are staying within the state. The �bomb cyclone� has left its 
mark in some areas of the state. It dumped several inches of heavy wet 
snow along with hurricane type winds on Wednesday and Thursday leaving 
many roads impassable. The spring storm brought a lot of moisture but is 
making is hard for livestock owners taking care of their livestock. All 
prices are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay barn unless otherwise 
noted. 

Eastern Wyoming 
Alfalfa: Good large squares 150.00-160.00; Fair large squares 140.00; 
Good large rounds 130.00; 160.00-170.00 delivered. Sun-cured alfalfa 
pellets 15 percent protein 235.00-245.00.  
   
Central and Western Wyoming
Alfalfa: Supreme large squares 197.50; Good large squares 135.00-140.00. 
Premium small squares 200.00-215.00; Good small squares 165.00. 
Alfalfa/Orchard Grass: Premium large squares 190.00; premium small 
squares 225.00. Rye/Alfalfa/Orchard Grass Mix: Good large squares 170.00. 
Straw in large squares 50.00-60.00. Certified weed seed free alfalfa 
cubes bulk 230.00-240.00, bagged 280.00.

==================================================================
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
=====================================================================
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5
  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
=====================================================================
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
	 leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   
         damage.

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.
=====================================================================

Source:  USDA WY Dept of Ag Market News Service, Torrington, WY
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399
         Website: www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/TO_GR310.txt
                  www.ams.usda.gov/lpsmarketnewspage
         Email: Thomas.walthers@ams.usda.gov 

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